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[英语资料] 2017年考研英语一真题及解析(回忆版)

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1.[A] 本题考查介词的辨析。空格所在部分填入介词,第二句后半部分是进一步说明,前后递进关系,所以只能选A besides.


2. [C] 本题考查并列关系。所选的词前有并列连词and, 所以前后位对应关系,and之前说,拥抱能让你感觉跟别人跟亲近,那么and后也应该为令人关系亲密的,所以选connected,有联系的。其他意思都不符合。


3. [B] A本题考查固定短语的辨析。空格处的名词构成的短语是a ...of ..。只有a host of 表示许多的,很多的,填入到文章中,表示很多的健康利益。其他一般不跟a ...of .搭配用,而且套入之后,意思也不符合。


4.[A] 本题考查动词的用法。这几个此后都可以用动名词做宾语,但是意思完全是不一样的。本句说,一个温暖的拥抱能够帮助你____得病。此处,一定是避免让你得病,所以只有A选项符合。

   

5.[D] 本题考查动词义辨析。空格处填入的动词是说,这项研究涉及或者包含的多少人,其他词从意思上与此不匹配。比较容易混的是collecting,但它指集合、搜集的意思。

   

6.[A] 本题考查固定搭配。空格处填入的介词与前边effect是一体的,effect后边的of之后的部分都是修饰effect的,把of到hugs部分去掉,答案自然就出来了,指对参与者敏感性的影响。只有effect on sth符合。

  

7.[D] 本题考查动词的辨析。文章说在___-病菌后容易感冒,那一定是接触到病菌后容易感冒了,be exposed to sth接触...,最符合意思。因此,D exposed为正确答案。

   

8.[C] 本题考查固定搭配。Come down with 得病,生病的意思,此处翻译为:容易得感冒;come along with随同;come across with偿付;come out with 发表,出版。都不符合。


9.[D] 本题考查动词使用及句内逻辑关系。本句意思说,研究者___拥抱的降压作用___大约到32%,此处有数据,只能是计算到,不可能C怀疑到/A想象到/B否认到一个具体数据,只可能是计算到精确数据。

   

10.[C] 本题考查动词词义的辨析。结合第九题,此处计算到这种影响解释说明了这个32%的比例,其他数据都不能起到解释的意思。Serve服务;resore恢复,储存;require要求,都不合适。

   

11.[D] 本题考查逻辑关系词。空格之后的内容是对前面一句话的进一步说明,程度进一步加深,所以只能选D. Even.

   

12.[B] 本题考查上下文语义关系。空格之前说的是拥抱能够带来好处。那具体来说,患有感冒但同时又有很多社会支持的人,表现出来的感冒症状是很少的。所以,选B.

   

13.[B] 本题考查上下文语义关系。根据上下文的语义关系,我们能知道此处讲的是:拥抱能够保护处于压力之下的人们免受增加的感冒风险的威胁。因为压力之下的人们,抵抗力是很低的,相应的,感冒的风险就增加了。

   

14.[C] 本题考查固定搭配。根据上下文,我们能知道,原文中说“感冒是和压力相联系的”,“和...有关”,是be associated with.

   

15.[B] 本题考查上下文语义关系。“帮助人们产生这种感觉”,所以选generate.

   

16.[C] 本题考查固定搭配。“面对困难”是in face of difficulty.

   

17.[A] 本题考查固定搭配。“把...归因于”应该为attribute to.

   

18.[B] 本题考查逻辑关系词。根据上下文可以看出,后面的一句话是对前面的话进行的解释,表示原因。所以选because.


19.[A] 本题考查上下文语义关系。空格前说这些东西的一部分已经释放到血液中,接着有一个转折关系,说明后面与前文内容相反,就应该是留着大脑中,选remain.


20.[D] 本题考查上下文语义关系。根据上下文可知,此题选influence.


阅读理解
以下是文都教育版阅读参考答案,选择题部分是花卷,阅读选项的顺序并不是完全一样,所以要对答案,最终是要看你的选项内容是否一致,有的同学的选项可能不是这个顺序哦。

21-25 CCADC


21. explain American’s tolerance of current security check

22. an increase in the number of travelers

23.faster

24.an unreasonable price for enroll

25.Getting stuck in the security line


26-30 ABBAD

26. the importance of astronomy in ancient Hawaii society

27. its geographical features

28.it reminds them of humiliating history

29.may uncover the origin of Hawaii culture

30.passive acceptance


31-35 CBDCA

31. had a low opinion of GDP

32.GDP as the measure of success is widely defied in the UK

33.Its results are enlightening

34.It is essential to consider factors beyond GDP

35.high GDP but inadequate well-being , a UK lesson


36-40 CCABD

36.was contemptuous of McDonell’s conduct

37.concrete returns for gift-givers

38. justifying in addressing the needs of the constituents.

39.guarantee fair play in official access

40. supportive



41—45 FEACG


翻译(仅供参考)



   Read the following text carefully and then translate the underlined segments into Chinese. Your translation should be written neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

The growth of the use of English as the world`s primary language for international communication has obviously been continuing for several decades.

(46)But even as the number of English speakers expands further there are signs that the global predominance of the language may fade within the foreseeable future.

Complex international, economic, technological and culture change could start to diminish the leading position of English as the language of the world market, and UK interests which enjoy advantage from the breath of English usage would consequently face new pressures. Those realistic possibilities are highlighted in the study presented by David Graddol

(47)His analysis should therefore end any self-contentedness among those who may believe that the global position of English is so stable that the young generation of the United Kingdom do not need additional language capabilities.

David Graddol concludes that monoglot English graduates face a bleak economic future as qualified multilingual youngsters from other countries are proving to have a competitive advantage over their British counterparts in global companies and organizations. Alongside that,(48)many countries are introducing English into the primary-school curriculum but British schoolchildren and students do not appear to be gaining greater encouragement to achieve fluency in other languages.

If left to themselves, such trends will diminish the relative strength of the English language in international education markets as the demand for educational resources in languages, such as Spanish ,Arabic or Mandarin grows and international business process outsourcing in other language such as Japanese, French and German, spreads.

(49)The changes identified by David Graddol all present clear and major challenges to UK`s providers of English language teaching to people of other countries and to broader education business sectors. The English language teaching sector directly earns nearly &1.3 billion for the UK in invisible exports and our other education related explores earn up to &10 billion a year more. As the international education market expands, the recent slowdown in the number of international students studying in the main English-speaking countries is likely to continue, especially if there are no effective strategic policies to prevent such slippage.

The anticipation of possible shifts in demand provided by this study is significant50) It gives a basis to all organization which seek to promote the learning and very different operating environment. That is a necessary and practical approach. In this as in much else, those who wish to influence the future must prepare for it.


参考译文:

   

(46) 但是即使当下英语使用者的人群还在进一步扩大,有迹象表明:在可预见的未来,英语可能会逐渐失去其全球主导地位。

(47) 因此,对于那些认为英语的国际地位无懈可击、甚至觉得他们的年青后辈们不需要学习其他语言的人而言,他的分析可能会给他们的骄傲自大画上一个句号。

(48) 众多国家正在将英语引进小学课程,但是,毫不夸张地说,英国学童和学生似乎没有受到更多的鼓励去学会流利地使用其他语言。

(49) 大卫·葛拉尔多所发现的变化给教授他国人士英语的英国机构以及更广阔的教育市场带来了显而易见的巨大挑战。

(50)这给所有致力于推广英语学习和使用的机构提供了一个制定规划的依据,让我们能够应对未来完全不同的操作环境里出现的各种可能性。



作文


【参考范文】

Dear Professor Cook,

    I am writing on behalf of the Students’ Union to recommend the famous Forbidden City in our city to you.
    The details are listed as following. To begin with, it is in this place that the emperor and his family live. We can know of the daily life of the old upper class in China by visiting it,which will bring great value to our research in this area. What is more, the Forbidden City has witnessed the thousands of history of China, so you can enrich your knowledge about China by visiting it. Last but not least, it is a brave city, which witnesses lots of difficulties and storms. We can learn the spirit of brave at the same time.
   
I hope you can find my recommendation useful and look forward to discuss it in details with you.
Yours,
Li Ming
【参考翻译】

尊敬的库克教授,
   

我代表学生会来给您写这封信,主要是向您推荐我们城市中非常有名的紫禁城。

   

具体细节如下。首先,这是皇帝和他的家人居住的地方,通过参观紫禁城,我们能够了解到古代上层阶级的日常生活,这将给我们在这个领域的研究带来极大的价值。其次,紫禁城见证了中国几千年的历史,所以参观它可以增强您对中国的了解。第三,这是一个见证了许多困难和暴风雨的“勇敢之城”,我们在参观它的同时也可以学习它的勇敢精神。

   

我希望你能觉得我的推荐有用,期待和您进行进一步的详细讨论。


你最真挚的,
                                                                 李明

2017考研英语(一)图画作文是让考生写出读书和知识积累的重要性,左边一副图一个男孩放了好多书,没有读;右边一个男孩计划一年读20本书,针对本题,文都教育提供参考范文一篇如下:

【题目】


52. Directions:
Write an essay of 160-180 words based on the following picture.
In your essay, you should

1) describe the picture briefly.
2) interpret its intended meaning, and
3) give your comments.

QQ截图20161225091721.png

【参考范文】


As is vividly depicted in the picture, in the first picture there are a lot of books besides a boy, but he doesn’t read any of them. By contrast, the second one portrays that another boy makes a plan of reading: 20 books one year. In fact, the phenomenon in the picture doesn’t surprise us at all. Simple as it is, the intended meaning of the picture is worth our reflecting.


Undoubtedly, the cartoonist aims at reminding us of the significance of reading and knowledge . At the top of the list, we should attach importance to reading mainly due to that it can enable us to ameliorate ourselves so we can be qualified for future career promotion, and be ready for meeting the forthcoming challenges.What’s more, we ought to place a high value on the role played by knowledge inpersonal growth. Put it another way, in this ever-changing world, knowledge accumulation is to personal growth what water is to fish. To sum up, if reading and knowledge miss our attention in any possible way, we will suffer a great loss beyond imagination.

   

Hence, it is vital for us to derive positive implications from the above picture. For one thing, we should frequently use it to enlighten the young. For another, we should cultivate the awareness ofteenagers that reading is very vital. Only by doing so, can we become winner in the face of difficulties.

【范文译文】


正如图画所形象描述,在第一幅图中,有许多书在一个男孩身边,但是他却没有读任何一本书。相比之下,第二幅图描写了另外一个男孩制定了阅读计划:每天20本书。事实上,我们对图画中的现象毫不惊讶。虽然图画很简单,但是图画的含义值得深思。


毫无疑问,图画的作者旨在提醒我们读书和知识的重要性。首先,我们应该重视读书,主要是因为读书可以让我们完善自身,这样我们未来才有资格得到职业生涯的进步,才能做好准备迎接以后的挑战。另外,我们也应该重视知识在个人成长方面的作用。在这个多变的时代,知识积累对于个人成长就像水对于鱼一样重要。换言之,如果我们以任何可能的形式无视读书和知识,我们将遭受非常巨大的损失。


因此,从以上图画中得出积极的含义非常重要。一方面,我们应该经常用它来启迪年轻人。另外一方面,我们应该培养青少年重视阅读的意识。只有这样,我们才能成为困难面前的赢家。


 楼主| admin 发表于 2016-12-25 12:03:01 | 显示全部楼层
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